Work in Progress

This is a collection of references and drafts for the next edition of the Afghanistan Law Bibliography. This page is updated every Monday until publication of the next edition. The organization of topics has changed slightly from one edition to the next, and will likewise change with the fifth edition. Of note, the fifth edition will have a chapter (12) on polling and other data, a chapter (13) on development programs and progress reports, and a chapter (14) on manuals.

The following updates for the week of 29 September 2014 have been added into the work-in-progress listing.

This week’s additions focus solely upon the legal framework of Islamic rules of war. Taliban jurisprudence, as well as the views of other armed groups, obviously deviate from traditional Islamic jurisprudence. However, the general framework helps to inform Taliban jurisprudence and offers a starting point for comparative analysis.

Added to chapter 11. Violent Non-State Actors and Alternative Dispute Resolution:

    The New Wars and the Crisis of Compliance with the Law of Armed Conflict by Non-State Actors by M. Cherif Bassiouni (The Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, 2013) available at: insct.syr.edu (100-page pdf)

      Discusses Laws of Armed Conflict with a focus on non-state actors
    Martyrdom, Suicide, and the Islamic Law of War – A Short Legal History by Bernard K. Freamon (Fordham International Law Journal, 2003) available at: insct.syr.edu (71-page pdf)

      Discusses martyrdom in Islamic law
    Reactions to Norms – Armed Groups and the Protection of Civilians (Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, 2014) available at: genevacall.org (87-page pdf)

      Policy paper discussing the development of policies to promote respect for humanitarian norms that protect civilians; includes discussions relevant to the Taliban in particular and non-state actors in general
    Taking Islamic Law Seriously – INGOs and the Battle for Muslim Hearts and Minds by Naz K. Modirzadeh (Harvard Human Rights Journal, 2006) available at: ymcdn.com (44-page pdf)

      Discusses how INGOs can engage local actors to address conflicts between human rights and Islamic law
    An open letter to the UNAMA about the biased behavior of this Organization (Taliban, 2013) available at: mediapart.fr (1-page html)

      Discusses Taliban view of use of children in warfare.

—–

Work-in-Progress

1. Afghan Law, In General

    Legal Pluralism in States with Heterogeneous Populations: The Example of Afghanistan. In: Diversity and the Law, Holger Hestermeyer (ed.) (forthcoming).

2. Islamic Law, In General

    Islamic Law Practitioner’s Guide by Hamid Khan (International Network to Promote the Rule of Law, 2013) available at: inprol.org (111-page pdf)

      Islamic law primer for individuals studying rule of law
    Leaving Islam is not a capital crime by M. Cherif Bassiouni (Chicago Tribune, 2006) available at: articles.chicagotribune.com (2-page html)

      Discussion of apostasy and hudud in contemporary Islamic courts

2.1 Fundamentals of Islamic Law

2.2 Islamic Legal History

2.3 Islamic Law and International

2.4 Islamic Family Law

2.5 Islamic Law and Commercial Law

2.6 Islamic Criminal Law

3. Afghan Legal History

3.1 Afghan Legal History, in General

3.2 Customary Law in Afghanistan

    Negotiating Tradition, Power and Fragility in Afghanistan by Holly A. Ritchie (Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2013) available at: repub.eur.nl (404-page pdf)

      Discusses community-based dispute resolution in chapter 3
    Afghanistan 2014 and Beyond by Dr. Hedieh Mirahmadi, Waleed Ziad, Mehreen Farooq (The World Organization for Resource Development and Education, 2014) available at: worde.org (55-page pdf)

      Discusses various civil society organizations’ roles in resolving disputes

3.3 Islamic Law in Afghanistan

    How Ulema View Afghan Civil Society (International Security Assistance Force) available at: isaf.nato.int (30-page pdf)

      Summary of roundtable discussions with Afghan Ulema in 2007.
    International Ulama Conference on Islam and Peace (Afghanistan Embassy in the UK, 2013) available at: afghanistanembassy.org.uk (3-page pdf)

      Declaration of the Afghan Ulema Council in 2013
    Islamic Land Law in Afghanistan by M. Siraj Sait (UN-Habitat, 2005) available at: fig.net (9-page pdf)

      Very broad overview, in slide format, of issues involving Islamic law and land tenure in Afghanistan (cross reference to section 8, Property Law)

3.4 Afghan State Law

    Still a Long Way to Go – Implementation of the Elimination of Violence Against Women in Afghanistan (UNAMA, 2012) available at: reliefweb.int (49-page pdf)

      Report on indicators of the progress in the government’s attempts to reduce violence against women through the EVAW legislation

4. Constitutional Law

    Afghanistan – Building a State to Keep the Peace by Ebrahim Afsah, Alexandra Hilal Guhr (Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law, 2005) available at: mpil.de (84-page pdf)

      Reviews the process and impelementation of the Bonn accords and argues that progress could only be made by including elite powerholders in the process to give them incentives to partake of the benefits of peace.
    Mohammad Qasim Hashimzai, The Separation of Powers and the Problem of Constitutional Interpretation in Afghanistan, in: Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity (eds. Rainer Grote and Tilmann Röder, OUP, Oxford and New York 2011)
    Mohammad Hashim Kamali, Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: A Contemporary Perspective of Islamic Law, in: Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity (eds. Rainer Grote and Tilmann Röder, Oxford University Press, Oxford/New York 2011).
    Ramin Moschtaghi, Constitutionalism in an Islamic Republic: The Principles of the Afghan Constitution and the Conflicts between Them, in: Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity (eds. Rainer Grote and Tilmann Röder, Oxford University Press, Oxford/New York 2011)
    Rule of Law in Afghanistan – Enabling a Constitutional Framework for Local Accountability by Carol Wang (Harvard International Law Journal, 2014) available at: harvardilj.org (39-page pdf)

      Discussing considerations for future rule of law efforts, focusing on constitutional design that impacts local accountability
    The 2010-2015 Wolesi Jirga Directory (National Democratic Institute, 2012) available at: ndi.org (308-page pdf)

      Provides profiles of members of the Wolesi Jirga

5. The State Judiciary

    Civil-Military Cooperation in Building the Rule of Law, In: Zurn, Michael/Nollkaemper, Andre/Peerenboom, Randy (eds.): Rule of Law Dynamics. In an Era of International and Transnational Governance, Cambridge UP, Cambridge 2012, pp. 206-232. (about the role of ISAF in rule of law promotion in Afghanistan)
    Legal Reconstruction in Afghanistan – Rule of law, Injustice, and Judicial Mediation by Antonio De Lauri (Jura Gentium, 2010) available at: juragentium.org (1-page html)

      Discusses the functioning of courts in Kabul, based upon fieldwork between 2005 and 2008
    Little Steps Forward – Some Remarks on the Rome Conference on the Rule of Law in Afghanistan by Tilmann J. Röder (Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law, Volume 11, 2007) available at: mpil.de (6-page pdf)

      Discusses progress toward rule of law in Afghanistan as of 2007

6. Informal Dispute Resolution

    Conflict Resolution in Afghanistan and the Role of Women in Formal and Informal Justice by Sameera Ayyubi (Conflicts and Conflict Resolution in Middle Eastern Societies – Between Tradition and Modernity, 2006).
    Customary Law and its Challenges to Afghan Statehood by Kathleen Reedy (Military Review, 2012) available at: usacac.army.mil (8-page pdf)

      Argues against adoption of customary law in efforts to promote rule of law statewide
    Formal and Informal Justice in Afghanistan by Hameed Attaei (Conflicts and Conflict Resolution in Middle Eastern Societies – Between Tradition and Modernity, 2006).
    Jirga – A Conflict Resolution Institution in Pukhtoon Society by Fakhr ul-Islam, Khan Faqir and Malik Amer Atta (Gomal University Journal of Research, 2013) available at: gu.edu.pk (10-page pdf)

      Overview of Jirga in Afghanistan and Pakistan, along with interviews of locals who interact with the jirga system
    Rebuilding the Judicial Sector in Afghanistan by Amy Senier (al Nakhlah, 2006) available at: fletcher.archive.tusm-oit.org (10-page pdf)

      Examines the role of customary law in rebuilding the justice sector
    Formal and Informal Justice in Paktia and Nangarhar (Tribal Liaison Office, 2011) available at: tloafghanistan.org (55-page pdf)

      Examines the responsibilities of formal and informal justice mechanicsms in Afghanistan and their possible integration
    Local Conflict Management (UNDP, 2013) available at: af.undp.org (43-page pdf)

      Review of conflict management and resolution in Baghlan, Balkh, Helmand, and Nangarhar
    Nexuses of knowledge and power in Afghanistan: the rise and fall of the informal justice assemblage by Torunn Wimpelmann (Central Asian Survey, 2013) available at: tandfonline.com (18-page pdf)

      Discusses attempts to strengthen mechanisms of informal justice in Afghanistan, with emphasis upon Western-led reforms.

7. Family Law

8. Property Law

    Extraction of Parcel Boundaries from Ortho-rectified Aerial Photos by Amir Zeb (International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 2012) available at: isprs.org (8-page pdf)

      Discusses how aerial photography can assist with land administration issues in Afghanistan
    Unexplored dimensions – Islamic Land Systems in Afghanistan, Indonesia, Iraq, and Somalia by Siraj Sait (Land and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, 2013) available at: environmentalpeacebuilding.org (34-page pdf)

      Discusses Islamic land management principles in the context of post-conflict reconstruction and development

9. Criminal Law

10. Human Rights

    Amnesty International Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review, January – February 2014 available at: amnesty.org (13-page pdf)

      Provides overview of human rights abuses in Afghanistan
    The Rise and Fall of Taliban Regime (1994-2001) In Afghanistan by Dr. Qamar Fatima (IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science , 2014) available at: iosrjournals.org (12-page pdf)

      Includes discussion of Taliban governance and human rights abuses

11. Violent Non-State Actors and Alternative Dispute Resolution

    The New Wars and the Crisis of Compliance with the Law of Armed Conflict by Non-State Actors by M. Cherif Bassiouni (The Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, 2013) available at: insct.syr.edu (100-page pdf)

      Discusses Laws of Armed Conflict with a focus on non-state actors
    Martyrdom, Suicide, and the Islamic Law of War – A Short Legal History by Bernard K. Freamon (Fordham International Law Journal, 2003) available at: insct.syr.edu (71-page pdf)

      Discusses martyrdom in Islamic law
    Reactions to Norms – Armed Groups and the Protection of Civilians (Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, 2014) available at: genevacall.org (87-page pdf)

      Policy paper discussing the development of policies to promote respect for humanitarian norms that protect civilians; includes discussions relevant to the Taliban in particular and non-state actors in general
    Taking Islamic Law Seriously – INGOs and the Battle for Muslim Hearts and Minds by Naz K. Modirzadeh (Harvard Human Rights Journal, 2006) available at: ymcdn.com (44-page pdf)

      Discusses how INGOs can engage local actors to address conflicts between human rights and Islamic law
    An open letter to the UNAMA about the biased behavior of this Organization (Taliban, 2013) available at: mediapart.fr (1-page html)

      Discusses Taliban view of use of children in warfare.

12. Polling and Other Data

    National Corruption Survey 2014 by Mohammad Razaq Isaqzadeh, Shahim Ahmad Kabuli (Integrity Watch Afghanistan, 2014) available at: iwaweb.org (131-page pdf)

      Latest survey data of corruption in Afghanistan by IWA
    Building the Capacity of Legal Professionals in Afghanistan – 2008 Survey by Veronica Taylor (International Development Law Organization, 2008) available at: idlo.org (40-page pdf)

      Polling data for training programs for legal professionals who received training between 2005 and 2008
    Corruption in Afghanistan – Recent patterns and integrity challenges in the public sector (UNODC, 2013) available at: unodc.org (81-page pdf)

      Data on corruption in Afghanistan

13. Development Programs and Reports

    Mobilizing Communities for Court Watch by Harris Jahangeer (Integrity Watch Afghanistan, 2012) available at: iwaweb.org (35-page pdf)

      Study of a court monitoring program in Bamyan and Kapisa begun with the intent of increasing judicial accountability through greater public scrutiny
    The 2010 Wolesi Jirga Elections in Afghanistan (National Democratic Institute, 2010) available at: ndi.org (138-page pdf)

      Report of observations of the 2010 elections
    Justice & Governance in Eastern Afghanistan – Review of Government Engagement (Tribal Liaison Office, 2014) available at: tloafghanistan.org (4-page pdf)

      Overview of the ongoing development of Commissions on Conflict Mediation in Khost, Logar, and Paktia
    Field Study of Informal and Customary Justice in Afghanistan and Recommendations on Improving Access to Justice and Relations Between Formal Courts and Informal Bodies (USAID, 2005) available at: pdf.usaid.gov (71-page pdf)

      Examines interaction between formal and informal justice systems
    Land Titling and Economic Restructuring in Afghanistan (USAID, 2009) available at: pdf.usaid.gov (155-page pdf)

      Project completion report (2004-2009)
    Restoring Legal Documentation in Afghan Registration Courts (USAID, 2007) available at: pdf.usaid.gov (36-page pdf)

      Report on the Makhzan rehabilitation program

14. Manuals

    Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law: Max Planck Manual on Administrative Law in Afghanistan. 1st edition, Heidelberg and Kabul (Dari, Pashto and English; to be published in 2012).
    Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law: Max Planck Manual on Constitutional Law in Afghanistan Vol. 1: Structure and Principles of the State. Amended 4th edition, Heidelberg and Kabul 2011 (Dari, Pashto and English).
    Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law: Max Planck Manual on Constitutional Law in Afghanistan Vol. 2: Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. 1st edition, Heidelberg and Kabul 2007 (Dari, Pashto and English).
    Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law: Max Planck Manual on Fair Trial Standards in Afghanistan. Amended 4th edition, Heidelberg and Kabul 2009 (Dari, Pashto and English).
    Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law: Max Planck Manual on Family Law in Afghanistan. Amended 2nd edition (co-edited by the Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law), Heidelberg and Kabul 2011 (Dari, Pashto and English).
    Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law: Max Planck Manual on the General Part of Afghan Criminal Law. Amended 4th edition (co-edited by the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law), Heidelberg and Kabul 2011 (Dari and Pashto).
    Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law: Max Planck Manual on Judicial Ethics in Afghanistan. Amended 3rd edition, Heidelberg and Kabul 2011 (Dari, Pashto and English).
    Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law: Max Planck Manual on the Organisation and Jurisdiction of Afghan Courts. Amended 4th edition, Heidelberg and Kabul 2011 (Dari and English).
    Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law: Max Planck Manual on Public International Law in Afghanistan. 1st edition, Heidelberg and Kabul 2011 (Dari, Pashto and English; to be published in 2012).
    Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law: Max Planck Manual on the Special Part of Afghan Criminal Law. 1st edition (co-edited by the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law), Heidelberg and Kabul 2011 (Dari, Pashto and English).
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